Agriculture of pakistan essay
We will have to provide more credit, more fertilize, good market for agricultural goods, better irrigation facilities and storage facilities etc. In addition, successive governments have extended considerable support to the sector by providing concessionary financing to farmers for the purchase of agricultural equipment mainly tractors and for building irrigation and drainage systems.
Slightly fewer than 1 million hectares of land were surrendered, of which a little more thanhectares were sold to about 50, tenants. Between andthe number of farms declined by 17 percent and farms decreased in area by 4 percent, resulting in slightly larger farms.
Two percent of households owned 50 acres or more, accounting for 30 percent of total land area. Pakistan has emphasized the production of rice in order to increase exports to the Middle East and therefore concentrates on the high-quality basmati variety, although other grades also are exported.
Importance of agriculture economics
Considerable time and money are needed to realize the full potential of the irrigation system and bring it up to modern standards. Private farmers, however, had installed over , mostly small tube wells, mainly for irrigation purposes but also to lower the water table. Pakistan has km coastline in the south that impacts its climate and agriculture. III- A marketing cooperative should be established which could accumulate the marketable surplus of farmers and send it to big markets for exports. The Governments has recently launched its largest project through Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock which aim at bring more than ,00 acre under micro irrigation in a period of five years. So in the content of irrigated cropped area Pakistan is on the top of the world list. Except for some oil from cottonseeds, the country is dependent on imported vegetable oil. The principal forest products are timber, principally for house construction, furniture, and firewood. From northern highlands to the coastline of Karachi, Pakistan has diverse range of forests from coniferous to mangroves respectively.
Official estimates put the harvest at some Completion of the Mangla and Tarbela reservoirs, as well as improvements in other parts of the system, made larger water flows possible. The land reform regulations made no serious attempt to break up large estates or to lessen the power or privileges of the landed elite.
List of agricultural products
That same year Pakistan generated , tons of beef, , tons of mutton, and , tons of poultry. No irrigated farming generally gives low yields, and although the technology exists to boost production substantially, it is expensive to use and not always readily available. Realizing these ground realities, Pakistan needs to look seriously into its agricultural problems. The area planted in cotton increased from 1. But today, Pakistan is deprived of the modern ways of irrigation that is drip and sprinkle irrigation. The growth in agricultural sector and national economy moves hand in hand. The lowest negative growth rate was 5. Corn, although a minor crop, gradually increased in area and production after independence, partly at the expense of other minor food grains. The growth however retarded in seventies to 2. The exact amounts of water wasted have not been determined, but studies suggest that losses are considerable and perhaps amount to one-half of the water entering the system. In FY , wheat was planted on 7. The United States and Australia are the major suppliers. In , the major crops which account for
Only half of the rural population are farmers and other half are non-farm. Livestock has emerged as an important sub sector of agriculture.
Agriculture in punjab
The higher water flows in parts of the system considerably exceed design capacities, creating stresses and risks of breaches. The Governments has recently launched its largest project through Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock which aim at bring more than ,00 acre under micro irrigation in a period of five years. After a ten-year transitional period, the treaty awarded India use of the waters of the main eastern tributaries in its territory—the Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej rivers. Vegetables such as onion, potatoes which are perishable commodities are sold to local areas. Despite massive expansion in the irrigation system, many problems remain. Pakistan divided into has four parts which are so-called provinces today. There was ban on the exports of wheat in due to shortage and higher prices of wheat at home. Pakistan is self-sufficient in rice production as well as surplus in rice and export the rice specially Basmati and earn foreign exchange. IV- After sorting out agriculture goods inferior and superior the packing of these commodities should be international standard both. Pakistan is self-sufficient in agriculture products. This is also effecting agriculture sector as well. The average growth rate of the agriculture sector over the last sixteen years was 4. Yields increased substantially in the s, partly as a result of the use of pesticides and the introduction in of a new high-yielding variety of seed.
Despite intensive farming practices, Pakistan remains a net food importer. At the other extreme, the number of very large farms of sixty hectares or more was 14,—both in and in —although the average size of the biggest farms was smaller in There are two principal crops seasons in Pakistan namely "Kharif" and "Rabi.
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