The most positive drawings were those depicting someone relevant to the students, namely a grandparent. However, a different interpretation is provided by the conversational account for conservation errors according to which asking the same question twice is usually interpreted as a request for new or different information.Hence, much more attention needs to be devoted to evidence and theory. In fact, the two quotes at the beginning of the present chapter illustrate well the sort of contradictory evidence that currently exists regarding the representations of older people among young children. Social Forces, 49, — Age and typicality judgments of stereotypes of the elderly: Perceptions of elderly versus young adults. In another study, Kwong See et al. Taken together, these results suggest that, although some evidence shows that views of ageing tend to become more positive as children grow older, at least based on more explicit measures e. This is based on the assumption that participants cannot strategically control the outcome of the implicit measurement procedure De Houwer Journal of Gerontology, 30, — A different approach is presented by the Cognitive-Developmental Theory originally developed by Piaget and Weil and applied to the prejudice field by Aboud , Bigler and Liben among others. Google Scholar Robertson, J. Understanding how young children perceive older people is thus of crucial importance in an ageing world. Children also seem to be more negative when they are considering their own ageing process as opposed to making judgments about older people. Sex Roles, 19, — These included both quantitative, qualitative or mixed methods. The relevance of asking children to draw someone they knew was also shown in a study where children between the ages of eight and 12 were asked to produce a drawing of an old person they see in real life in a setting Robinson et al.
In fact, they are independent qualities that may appear in various combinations. Robertson Eds. However, there are some concerns regarding the validity of these measures because people can easily control their explicit responses and act in order to comply with social norms, making prejudice less likely.
Google Scholar Robertson, J. Key words This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.The significance of grandparents. An opposite pattern of response is expected to occur when the experimenter is an older person: in this case, age stereotyping e. YA attitudes toward aging did not improve post-viewing or one-month post-viewing. Moreover, both scales are also limited in their measurement of the behavioral dimension of ageism in the sense that they only evaluate the behavioral intentions of children regarding older people and not their actual behaviors as it was done in other measures such as the puzzle Isaacs and Bearison and the Piagetian adapted task Kwong See et al. However, WHO only analysed the survey and has no relationship with it. Studies suggest that the explicit expression of racism decreases as children get older, mainly due to conformity to a strong social anti-racism norm Olson and Dunham ; Rutland et al. Google Scholar Wernick, M. It is nevertheless important to emphasize that children tested in this study were already 8—10 years old. Therefore, we excluded studies that employed interventions or experimental manipulations.
An opposite pattern of response is expected to occur when the experimenter is an older person: in this case, age stereotyping e. This theory is derived from the Social Identity Theory Tajfel and Turner which is based on the assumption that individuals are highly motivated to achieve and maintain a positive self-esteem within an intergroup context.
These are based on personal interactions between children and older people. In the other study using a behavioral methodology Kwong See et al. These different dimensions may involve different developmental paths.
The Gerontologist, 30, 43— The Gerontologist, 9, 55— Hence, similarly to what had been done in the case of racism, it would be important to understand how these two different modes of ageism operate across different age groups and to address the role of social-environmental factors such as the anti-ageism norms.