The Scot casually demolished the Montesquieu small-republic theory; and it was this part of the essay, contained in a single page, that was to serve Madison in new-modeling a "botched" Confederation "in a distant part of the world. Three motives might be claimed to meliorate the selfishness of the majority: first, "prudent regard for their own good, as involved in the general.
For instance, in Democracy in AmericaAlexis de Tocqueville refers specifically to more than fifty of the essays, but No. In the next place, as each representative will be chosen by a greater number of citizens in the large than in the small republic, it will be more difficult for unworthy candidates to practice with success the vicious arts by which elections are too often carried; and the suffrages of the people being more free, will be more likely to centre in men who possess the most attractive merit and the most diffusive and established characters.
In this essay Hume disclaimed any attempt to substitute a political utopia for "the common botched and inaccurate governments which seemed to serve imperfect men so well. It was first printed in the Daily Advertiser under the name adopted by the Federalist writers, "Publius"; in this it was remarkable among the essays of Publius, as almost all of them first appeared in one of two other papers: the Independent Journal and the New-York Packet.
Adair also contends that Beard's selective focus on the issue of class struggleand his political progressivismhas colored modern scholarship on the essay.
Those who are creditors, and those who are debtors, fall under a like discrimination.