Henry vs becket
Henry II built a chapel dedicated to Beckett at Dover Castle and continued to regret and seek to do penance for the death and murder of his friend and confidant.
Becket ran out of the castle walls in anger, making everything accomplished at Northampton null. Unfortunately he was also shallow, vain, careless, high-hoped, incompetent, improvident, and irresponsible. Source 4 Bishop Gilbert Foliot to Thomas Becket at their meeting at Clarendon These hands, these arms, even these bodies are not ours; they are our lord king's, and they are ready at his will whatever it may be.
St thomas becket shrine
Surrounded by a strong force of knights, he attacked whole regions. The Pope made him a saint. His death was his triumph. Now they were bitter enemies, each representing the Church and the State. It was a hard winter and the king noticed an old man coming towards them, poor and clad in a thin and ragged coat. Like any other power struggle, the churchly weapons of excommunication and interdict were what kept the church in command. Certainly the power of the man must have been immense, was he simply self seeking or was his political desire to reduce the power of the monarch born out of a more altruistic stance? According to some accounts, it was discovered that Becket had worn a hairshirt under his Archbishop's garments - a sign of penance. Is this just another tale of a King and trusted confidantes relationship turned sour? There were large and emotional gatherings wherever his body rested. Paul's Cathedral. Little is known of the young Prince Henry before the events associated with his marriage and coronation. The letter to the king stressed that the pope had forbidden the archbishop from escalating the dispute until the legates had decided the issues, and that the legates were to absolve the excommunicated once they arrived in England. The hearing of the royal court lasted 7 days, and the results were demands that the State threw at Becket. King Henry II was served with a popular excommunication, his reaction to this seems surprising.
Included among those royal clerks were some of Becket's most bitter foes during his exile. In his cups with his faithful lords, he suggested it might be a good idea for Becket to die.
He set up the jury system and ordered that only royal judges, called Justices, could try criminal cases.
Afterward, the king confiscated all the benefices of the archbishop's clerks, who had accompanied him into exile. On the third, he was asked to pay for every income he received as Chancellor from vacant posts. An infuriated Henry brought Becket to face trial on trumped up charges and his estates removed from him but Becket realising that his time may be up fled for the continent where he remained for six years.
Henry ii and the church
Once it assembled, the king demanded that the bishops and Becket swear to uphold without reservations the customs of the church as they had been in the king's grandfather's reign. Foliot then prepared to appeal his sentence to the pope in person, and travelled to Normandy in late June or early July, where he met the king, but proceeded no further towards Rome, as the papacy was attempting once more to secure a negotiated settlement. It was such a pilgrimage from London to Canterbury that inspired Geoffrey Chaucer to write one of the great classical poems of the English language, The Canterbury Tales. Certainly the power of the man must have been immense, was he simply self seeking or was his political desire to reduce the power of the monarch born out of a more altruistic stance? The pope, Alexander III , refused to take sides, and urged moderation on both sides. Becket was not willing to agree with the new laws until the Pope signed documents that showed his consent. In his cups with his faithful lords, he suggested it might be a good idea for Becket to die. After the death of King Henry, the biography of Thomas Becket was written by his close colleague William Fitz Stephen, who was present at the murder of Becket but who later became a friend of the King and was made Duke of Gloucester. One should note that a chancellor of England in the twelfth century was equivalent in power and prestige to the Prime Minister of today. Surrounded by a strong force of knights, he attacked whole regions.
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