Plato apology pdf
This description then evolves into, and becomes indistinguishable from, an exhortation to everyone — whether jurors, the people of Athens or modern readers — to live philosophically. These are the lessons which corrupt the youth, as you say. But I thought that I ought not to do anything common or mean in the hour of danger: nor do I now repent of the manner of my defence, and I would rather die having spoken after my manner, than speak in your manner and live. For neither in war nor yet at law ought any man to use every way of escaping death. But I have been always the same in all my actions, public as well as private, and never have I yielded any base compliance to those who are slanderously termed my disciples or to any other. Come hither, Meletus, and let me ask a question of you. Now if there be such a person among you, which I am far from affirming, I may fairly reply to him: My friend, I am a man, and like other men, a creature of flesh and blood, and not of wood or stone, as Homer says; and I have a family, yes, and sons. But I had not the boldness or impudence or inclination to address you as you would have liked me to address you, weeping and wailing and lamenting, and saying and doing many things which you have been accustomed to hear from others, and which, as I say, are unworthy of me. The matter of moral corruption is important for two reasons: i corruption is the accusation that he Socrates corrupted the rich, young men of Athens by teaching atheism; ii that if he is convicted of corruption, it will be because the playwright Aristophanes already had corrupted the minds of his audience, when they were young, by lampooning Socrates as the " Sophistical philosopher " in The Clouds , a comic play produced about twenty-four years earlier. Well, as I was saying, they have hardly uttered a word, or not more than a word, of truth; but you shall hear from me the whole truth: not, however, delivered after their manner, in a set oration duly ornamented with words and phrases. And here, O men of Athens, I must beg you not to interrupt me, even if I seem to say something extravagant. Yes, that is true, for I may assume that your silence gives assent to that.
The Apology is the introductory course. This much is all I ask of my accusers: when my sons grow up, avenge yourselves by causing them the same kind of grief that I caused you, if you think they care for money or anything else more than they care for virtue, or if they think they are somebody when they are nobody.
In that way, the daimonion communicated to Socrates that death might be a good thing; either death is annihilation release from earthly worry and not to be feared, or death is migration higher plane of existence in which reside the souls of personages and heroes, such as Hesiod and Homer and Odysseus.
And now, O men who have condemned me, I would fain prophesy to you; for I am about to die, and that is the hour in which men are gifted with prophetic power.
Why do I mention this? Even so, some of what Socrates' detractors called his "arrogance" comes through. But you have just admitted that the good do their neighbors good, and the evil do them evil.
Plato apology questions and answers
That is an extraordinary statement, Meletus. Apology Translated by Benjamin Jowett Socrates' Defense How you have felt, O men of Athens, at hearing the speeches of my accusers, I cannot tell; but I know that their persuasive words almost made me forget who I was - such was the effect of them; and yet they have hardly spoken a word of truth. I, too, shall have a wonderful interest in a place where I can converse with Palamedes, and Ajax the son of Telamon, and other heroes of old, who have suffered death through an unjust judgment; and there will be no small pleasure, as I think, in comparing my own sufferings with theirs. I suppose you mean, as I infer from your indictment, that I teach them not to acknowledge the gods which the state acknowledges, but some other new divinities or spiritual agencies in their stead. As punishment for the two accusations formally presented against him at trial, Socrates proposed to the court that he be treated as a benefactor to the city of Athens; that he should be given free meals, in perpetuity, at the Prytaneum , the public dining hall of Athens. The matter of moral corruption is important for two reasons: i corruption is the accusation that he Socrates corrupted the rich, young men of Athens by teaching atheism; ii that if he is convicted of corruption, it will be because the playwright Aristophanes already had corrupted the minds of his audience, when they were young, by lampooning Socrates as the " Sophistical philosopher " in The Clouds , a comic play produced about twenty-four years earlier. I have shown, Athenians, as I was saying, that Meletus has no care at all, great or small, about the matter. Socrates then proceeds to interrogate Meletus, the man primarily responsible for bringing Socrates before the jury. He cites their contempt as the reason for his being put on trial. This calls to mind the trial-by-media that is so popular today and the issue of how much the judges of today can stay apart from pre-conviction by automatic-infusion of prejudice in popular cases. For his duty is, not to make a present of justice, but to give judgment; and he has sworn that he will judge according to the laws, and not according to his own good pleasure; and neither he nor we should get into the habit of perjuring ourselves - there can be no piety in that. Speak, then, and tell the judges who their improver is. They improve them.
This is my teaching, and if this is the doctrine which corrupts the youth, my influence is ruinous indeed.
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