Skeptical thesis globalization
Their analysis is, therefore, one that tries to develop a complex theory of globalisation rather than one that tries to debunk it as a phenomenon. Scholte falls into the former category.
Sceptics globalization examples
This might rely on states, political alliances at a more decentralised level between states with similar objectives or interests, for instance perhaps a shared antipathy to what are perceived as neoliberalism or US imperialism, and specific global social movements who have related objectives. Supposedly, it is now global finance and corporate capital--not states--that exercise decisive influence over the organization, location, and distribution of economic power and wealth. It is changing and can be reversed or go in different directions. So a bipolar model is replaced by a more complex stratification with both greater inclusion of some but also exclusion and greater polarisation between the top and bottom. Hay and Marsh are more sceptical in tone and Held et al more globalist in leaning. In fact, Hay and Marsh argue, globalisation is more an effect of other causes than a cause itself and is something that is contingent, caused by political will and subject to de-globalisation. This is done most notably in their book Global Transformations but also in a number of other places - for instance in the Open Democracy debate between David Held and Paul Hirst and Held and McGrew
The transformationalist view propounded by the likes of David Held and Anthony McGrew as well as Colin Hay attempts to find a middle ground between the hyperglobalist and skeptical views. For reasons of space and to ensure greater depth of analysis I focus in this article on particular representatives of scepticism and transformationalism or post-scepticism.
Reformist strategies at national and international level are possible, using existing institutions and practices. The crux of this article is an argument about the status of third wave arguments in relation to second wave arguments, but for this to be made an outline of both waves is necessary.
There are not clear distinctions between the domestic and the international in economic, social and political processes. Held et al try to distance themselves from the sceptics, saying that the latter have attacked a false ideal type and that globalisation is a real process.
based on 44 review