These two books, according Guillenread more like manifestos than scientific treatises, perhaps one of the reasons why the avant-garde modernist architects were so fond of them. Taylor noted the shift in responsibility to the foreman and worked to streamline the job by assigning its traditional duties into five categories: instruction-card clerk, time clerk, inspector, traditional gang-boss, and shop disciplinarian.
A new generation of managers were able to close or combine factories, and maintaining a tight grip on accounting controls. His brief was to solve inefficiencies and although he was successful in implementing measures to lift production, Taylor fell out with management in Consequences Taylor believed that close examination of and the application of "science" to the work process would allow factories literally to hum with harmony and to produce greater wealth and increased employment.
Retrieved September 01, from Encyclopedia. Models of Management.
For example, most bulk materials handling was manual at the time; material handling equipment as we know it today was mostly not developed yet.